Hyraxes share several unusual characteristics with elephants

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Hyraxes share several unusual characteristics with elephants and sirenia (manatees and dugongs) which have resulted in them all being placed in the taxon Paenungulata.

Male hyraxes lack a scrotum and their testicles remain tucked up in their abdominal cavity next to the kidneys; the same as elephants, manatees, and dugongs.

Female hyraxes have a pair of teats near their arm pits (axilla), as well as four teats in their groin (inguinal area); elephants have a pair of teats near their axillae, and dugongs and manatees have a pair of teats, one located close to each of the front flippers.

The tusks of hyraxes develop from the incisor teeth as do the tusks of elephants; in most other mammals, tusks develop from the canines.

Hyraxes, like elephants, have flattened nails on the tips of their digits, rather than curved, elongated claws which are usually seen on mammals.



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